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Advances in Mathematical Physics publishes papers that seek to understand mathematical basis of physical phenomena, and solve problems in physics via mathematical approaches.
Chief Editor, Prof Di Matteo (Department of Mathematics, King’s College London), engages in world-leading multidisciplinary and data-driven research focussed on the analysis of complex data from the perspective of a statistical physicist.
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Analysis and Prediction of the Dynamic Antiplane Characteristics of an Elastic Wedge-Shaped Quarter-Space Containing a Circular Hole
Based on the wave function expansion method, the dynamic antiplane characteristics of a wedge-shaped quarter-space containing a circular hole are studied in a complex coordinate system. The wedge-shaped medium is decomposed into two subregions along the virtual boundary using the virtual region decomposition method. The scattering wave field in subregion I is constructed by the mirror method, and the standing wave field in region II is constructed by the fractional Bessel function. According to the continuity conditions at the virtual boundary and the stress-free boundary of the circular hole, the unknown coefficients of the wave fields are obtained by the Fourier integral transform, and the analytical solution of the dynamic stress concentration factor (DSCF) of the circular hole is then obtained. Through parametric analysis, the effects of incident wave frequency, geometry of the wedge, and corner slope on the DSCF of the circular hole are discussed. The results show that when the SH-wave is horizontally incidence at high frequencies, the DSCF of the circular hole can be significantly changed by introducing the corner slope. Moreover, when the corner slope is high, the maximum DSCF can be amplified about 1.2 times. Finally, the back propagation (BP) neural network prediction model of DSCF is established, and the coefficient of regression is found to reach more than 0.99.
Convolution Representation of Traveling Pulses in Reaction-Diffusion Systems
Convolution representation manifests itself as an important tool in the reduction of partial differential equations. In this study, we consider the convolution representation of traveling pulses in reaction-diffusion systems. Under the adiabatic approximation of inhibitor, a two-component reaction-diffusion system is reduced to a one-component reaction-diffusion equation with a convolution term. To find the traveling speed in a reaction-diffusion system with a global coupling term, the stability of the standing pulse and the relation between traveling speed and bifurcation parameter are examined. Additionally, we consider the traveling pulses in the kernel-based Turing model. The stability of the spatially homogeneous state and most unstable wave number are examined. The practical utilities of the convolution representation of reaction-diffusion systems are discussed.
A Novel Collocation Method for Numerical Solution of Hypersingular Integral Equation with Singular Right-Hand Function
In this study, the Fredholm hypersingular integral equation of the first kind with a singular right-hand function on the interval is solved. The discontinuous solution on the domain is approximated by a piecewise polynomial, and a collocation method is introduced to evaluate the unknown coefficients. This method, which can be applied to both linear and nonlinear integral equations, is very simple and straightforward. The presented illustrations relate that the results are very accurate compared to the other methods in the literature.
Output Regulation of Switched Stochastic Systems with Sampled-Data Control
This paper studies the output regulation problem for a class of switched stochastic systems with sampled-data control. Solutions to the output regulation problem are given in two situations. On the one hand, the exogenous signal is assumed to be a constant. By designing a sampled-data state feedback controller, we obtain that the closed-loop system is mean-square exponentially stable and the regulation output tends to zero. On the other hand, the exogenous signal is assumed to be time-varying with bounded derivative. By constructing a class of Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional and a switching rule which satisfies the average dwell time, sufficient conditions for the solvability of practical output regulation problem are given for switched stochastic systems. Finally, numerical examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the method.
Analytical Solutions of the Fractional Complex Ginzburg-Landau Model Using Generalized Exponential Rational Function Method with Two Different Nonlinearities
The complex Ginzburg-Landau model appears in the mathematical description of wave propagation in nonlinear optics. In this paper, the fractional complex Ginzburg-Landau model is investigated using the generalized exponential rational function method. The Kerr law and parabolic law are considered to discuss the nonlinearity of the proposed model. The fractional effects are also included using a novel local fractional derivative of order . Many novel solutions containing trigonometric functions, hyperbolic functions, and exponential functions are acquired using the generalized exponential rational function method. The 3D-surface graphs, 2D-contour graphs, density graphs, and 2D-line graphs of some retrieved solutions are plotted using Maple software. A variety of exact traveling wave solutions are reported including dark, bright, and kink soliton solutions. The nature of the optical solitons is demonstrated through the graphical representations of the acquired solutions for variation in the fractional order of derivative. It is hoped that the acquired solutions will aid in understanding the dynamics of the various physical phenomena and dynamical processes governed by the considered model.
Some New Characterizations of Real Hypersurfaces with Isometric Reeb Flow in Complex Two-Plane Grassmannians
In this note, we establish an integral inequality for compact and orientable real hypersurfaces in complex two-plane Grassmannians , involving the shape operator and the Reeb vector field . Moreover, this integral inequality is optimal in the sense that the real hypersurfaces attaining the equality are completely determined. As direct consequences, some new characterizations of the real hypersurfaces in with isometric Reeb flow can be presented.