Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics (SCOAP³)
Under its partnership with SCOAP³, qualifying authors publishing in this journal do not need to pay an Article Processing Charge. Strict eligibility criteria apply so interested authors should check the link below prior to submission.Qualifying criteria for SCOAP³
Advances in High Energy Physics publishes the results of theoretical and experimental research on the nature of, and interaction between, energy and matter.
Chief Editor, Professor Seidel, is a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of New Mexico. She is a collaborator on the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, researching high-energy collider physics.
Latest ArticlesMore articles
Improvement of Resolution in Semileptonic Decays Based on Machine Learning
The neutrino closure method is often used to obtain kinematics of semileptonic decays with one unreconstructed particle in hadron collider experiments. The kinematics of decays can be deducted by a twofold ambiguity with a quadratic equation. To resolve the twofold ambiguity, a novel method based on machine learning (ML) is proposed. We study the effect of different sets of features and regressors on the improvement of reconstructed invariant mass squared of system (). The result shows that the best performance is obtained by using the flight vector as the features and the multilayer perceptron (MLP) model as the regressor. Compared with the random choice, the MLP model improves the resolution of reconstructed by ~40%. Furthermore, the possibility of using this method on various semileptonic decays is shown.
The Geometric Correlations of Leptonic Mixing Parameters
Leptonic mixing patterns are usually extracted on the basis of groups or algebraic structures. In this paper, we introduce an alternative geometric method to study the correlations between the leptonic mixing parameters. At the 3 level of the recent global fit data of neutrino oscillations, the distribution of the scattered points of the angles between the vectors, which are constructed by the element of the leptonic mixing matrix, is analysed. We find that the scattered points are concentrated on several special regions. Using the data in these regions, correlations of the leptonic mixing angles and the Dirac CP violating phase are obtained. The implications of the correlations are shown through the predicted flavor ratio of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos (HANs) at Earth.
Thermodynamic Phase Transition of Generalized Ayon-Beato Garcia Black Holes
In this work, we study thermodynamics of generalized Ayon-Beato and Garcia (ABG) black hole metric which contains three parameters named as mass , magnetic charge , and dimensionless coupling constant of nonlinear electrodynamics interacting field . We showed that central regions of this black hole behaves as dS (AdS) vacuum space by setting and in the case reaches to a flat Minkowski space. In the large distances, this black hole behaves as a Reissner-Nordstrom BH. However, an important role of the charge appeared in the production of a formal variable cosmological parameter which will support pressure coordinate in the thermodynamic perspective of this black hole in our setup. We should point that this formal variable cosmological parameter is different with cosmological constant which comes from AdS/CFT correspondence, and it is effective at large distances as AdS space pressure. In our setup, the assumed pressure originated from the internal material of the black hole say and here. By calculating the Hawking temperature of this black hole, we obtain equation of state. Then, we plotted isothermal P-V curves and heat capacity at constant pressure. They show that the system participates in the small to large phase transition of the black hole or the Hawking-Page phase transition which is similar to the van der Waals phase transition in the ordinary thermodynamics systems. In fact in the Hawking-Page phase transition disequilibrium, evaporating generalized ABG black hole reaches to a vacuum AdS space finally.
The Possible Emergence of an Attractive Inverse-Square Law from the Wave-Nature of Particles
A model of a particle in finite space is developed and the properties that the particle may possess under this model are studied. The possibility that particles attract each other due to their own wave nature is discussed. The assumption that the particles are spatially confined oscillations (SCO) in the medium is used. The relation between the SCO and the refractive index of the medium in the idealized universe is derived. Due to the plane wave constituents of SCOs, the presence of a refractive index field with a nonzero gradient causes the SCO to accelerate. The SCO locally changes the refractive index such that another SCO is accelerated towards it, and vice versa. It is concluded that the particles can attract each other due to their wave nature and an inverse-square-type acceleration emerges. The constant parameter in the inverse-square-type acceleration is used to compare with the gravitational constant , and the possibility of non inverse-square-type behavior is preliminary discussed.
On the Quantization of Length in Noncommutative Spaces
We consider canonical/Weyl-Moyal type noncommutative (NC) spaces with rectilinear coordinates. Motivated by the analogy of the formalism of the quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator problem in quantum phase-space with that of the canonical-type NC 2-D space, and noting that the square of length in the latter case is analogous to the Hamiltonian in the former case, we arrive at the conclusion that the length and area are quantized in such an NC space, if the area is expressed entirely in terms of length. We extend our analysis to the 3-D case and formulate a ladder operator approach to the quantization of length in 3-D space. However, our method does not lend itself to the quantization of spacetime length in and Minkowski spacetimes if the noncommutativity between time and space is considered. If time is taken to commute with spatial coordinates and the noncommutativity is maintained only among the spatial coordinates in and dimensional spacetime, then the quantization of spatial length is possible in our approach.
Studying Same-Sign Top Pair Production through Top-Higgs FCNC Interactions at the HL-LHC
We investigate the potential of the HL-LHC for discovering new physics effects via the same-sign top pair signatures. We focus on the semileptonic (electron and muon) decay of the top quarks and study the reach for a simplified model approach where top quark flavor changing could occur through a neutral scalar exchange. A relatively smaller background contribution and clean signature are the advantages of the leptonic decay mode of the same-sign bosons in the same-sign production processes of top quark pairs. Assuming the FCNC between top quark, up-type quark, and scalar boson from the new physics interactions, the branchings could be excluded of the order . We use angular observables of the same-sign lepton pairs and the top quark kinematics in the process which provide the possibility of separation of new physics signal from the SM backgrounds using machine-learning techniques. We find that the same-sign top quark pair production is quite capable of testing the top-Higgs FCNCs at the HL-LHC.